Summary of major revisions to the emergency action plan:
This operations update consists of revising the targeting, budget and area of intervention by including another district (Ndola District) based on the assessment of the Zambian Red Cross Society (ZRCS). The main changes are:
• Targeting is changing in Namwala: for construction of shelters and distribution of essential household items (EHI) (mosquito nets, blankets, sleeping mats) target revised from 500 households (HH) to 492 (HH) except for Wash; the target for WASH items is maintained at 3,219 HH, including hygiene promotion. The reduction in need for EHI and shelter is mainly due to the support of other actors in Namwala, and the savings will support community building in Ndola.
• Ndola district added to the target area with an overall target of 2,550 people, 425 households to receive WASH and Health sensitization with this DREF. For shelter, the target will be the most vulnerable displaced households (148 HH) when all the other sectors (WASH, health) will target all 2,550 people with the same activities planned in the EPoA. The EHI distribution will be mainly with unused stock from Namwala initial distribution.
• The distribution of dignity kits remains for 3 months for 432 women in Namawla and 113 women in Ndola with some 6 additional kits to be purchased to cover the shortfall.
• Tabulation of changes in activities and identified where they could be affected in a new Ndola District.
The total budget and allocation remain unchanged as cost savings on surge cancellation will be used to extend assistance to Ndolo district where additional needs have been identified and to be included. The SN however added some new activities such as
• Construction of temporary community kitchen shelters to meet needs, improve cooking facilities for displaced populations. A total of 7 common time kitchen builds are included in this overhaul. 5 in Namwala and 2 in Ndolo.
• Supply and maintenance of 10 temporary latrines and bathrooms in Ndola using tarpaulins and poles.
• Acquisition of 13 additional hand washes for a total of 19 needed in the 2 localities: 2 in Ndola and 17 in Namwala.
• Dissemination of local radio messages to reinforce the sensitization campaign whereas it was initially planned that the sensitization be carried out by volunteers
• Mobilization of 15 volunteers to bring relief to Ndola.
There is no request for additional funding or request for extension of time to help 21,864 people for a period of 4 months
A. ANALYSIS OF THE SITUATION
Description of the disaster
Most parts of Zambia started receiving heavy rains on January 11, 2022. On January 16, 2022, Kalomo, Namwala and Choma districts of the Southern Province started experiencing flash floods. In addition, the region continued to receive heavy rainfall from the tropical storm (ANA). According to the needs assessment report released by the Zambian government through the Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU) (17 January 2022) followed by another assessment conducted by the Zambian Red Cross showing that Namwala district recorded the highest number of affected households with 3,219. The report also states that 8,000 hectares of field crops were submerged in water along with houses and sanitation facilities. Additionally, livestock like chickens and goats were also taken away. Initially, 500 HH were displaced, then following tropical cyclone ANA the number increased to 600 HH in Namwala district. The displaced HHs are accommodated in 4 camps set up by the government through the DMMU where the DMMU provided tents and the ZRCS provided tarpaulins to cover their shelter needs. The immediate needs remain access to drinking water, hygiene and sanitation, food, non-food items, shelter and protection.
A total of 4 Namwala communities were affected: Nakamboma, Mbeza, Chitongo and Mandondo. To date, one camp, namely Chilumono in the Mandondo district, is only accessible by plane or ox cart. And the remaining 3 districts are accessible by road transport. ZRCS and DMMU are working with the Zambian Air Force (ZAF) to reach the service which is only accessible by air or ox cart. The country continued to experience flash floods which affected 425 HH and displaced 148 HH in the Ndola district of the Copperbelt province.
Continued heavy rainfall continued to cause flooding in other districts. In Kalomo district, approximately sixty (60) households were affected and saw their crop fields and sanitation facilities submerged in water. No displacement was reported. Choma district recorded 500 households having been affected. The infrastructure was seriously affected with (7) bridges submerged, destroyed or partially destroyed. Embankments have eroded and others have been completely washed away. The following bridges were affected: Nemfye, Choonga, Ngoma, Chikumi, the Dongwe River linking Nkandazovu, Dundumwezi and Chifusa. All these localities are still accessible either by road or by boat.
In Ndola, the district experienced flash floods on February 2 which led to the complete collapse of houses while others were damaged. The increase in the number of collapsing houses has been attributed to the poor building materials used, coupled with poor drainage systems. To determine the situation in Ndola, the Zambian Red Cross conducted a needs assessment with the support of the Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU), the Zambian Red Cross and the district registered approximately 425 households affected. In addition, 2 camps have been set up at Mapalo camp with 27 tents and 11 tents at Twashuka camp and the rest of the displaced have integrated into the communities.